Sclerotium Gum is a water-soluble, nature-derived polysaccharide produced by fermentation of the filamentous fungus. It is a highly versatile ingredient, which improves the sensory characteristic of personal care products.
SCLEROTIUM GUM is classified as :
- Emulsion stabilising
- Skin conditioning
- Viscosity controlling
Scleroglucan has rheological properties (improves the flow), and unlike most natural and synthetic gums, has high thermal stability, is resistant to hydrolysis and retains skin moisture due to its efficiency as a thickening agent, emulsifier and stabilizer, Sclerotium gum is used in numerous cosmetic and personal care formulations. We are hooked on no heat water based formulating for the ability to add water-based actives. (ie mild exfoliants, mushroom extract etc..)
- Sprinkle the Sclerotium Gum granules of directly into the water at a temperature of 20°C or more. Note that the warmer the water the more quickly the gum with gel. At 20°C is could take up to 15-45 minutes with mixing.
- Shake until the granules completely dissolve (as long as necessary depending on the kind of apparatus used). Tests reveal the emulsifier rotor/stator (hand mixer or stick blender ) is by far the most efficient and therefore the most recommended.
Suggested percentage: 0.25 – 2.0%
- 0.8 to 1.5% for standard gels
- 0.2 to 0.8% to stabilize emulsions
- 1.5 to 2.0% to suspend in cleansing systems
- 0.3 to 0.6% for spray-able solutions / suspensions
- 0.5 to 1.5% to stabilize / thicken cleansing systems
At the stage where Sclerotium Gum has completely dissolved the other ingredients in the formula should be added (oily phase, actives, etc.). It will then take 24 hours to obtain a stable viscosity.
Notice that heating the water speeds up the gelling of sclerotium Gum
Sclerotium Gum can be used in hair, skin and sun care, bath and body products and color cosmetics.
- Skin care: lotions, creams, face masks and packs
- Sun care: sun protection lotions
- Bath and shower: shower gels and body washes
- Color cosmetics: make-up, mascaras, and eyeliners
- Hair care: shampoos and conditioners
- Shaving foam
- Sensory improver
- Thickening agent
- Electrolyte tolerant
- Forms fluid gels with very high and unique suspension properties
- Sparkling clarity (depends on actives)
- Process flexibility and tolerance
- Excellent and exceptional suspension for insoluble solids and oil droplets
- Highly effective at low concentrations
- Shear reversible behavior
- Excellent emulsifier and foam stabilizer
High thermal stability: Unlike most natural and synthetic gums, high temperature has little effect on the viscosity of Sclerotium Gum. Below 10°C (50°F), the solutions have a semi-gelled appearance that can be eliminated by shaking or heating.
Excellent compatibility: Due to its non ionic nature, acids and alkalis do not affect sclerotium gum over a wide ph range (2.5 to 12) and is compatible with electrolytes. It is compatible, without synergism, with most of the other thickeners such as guar gum, locust bean gum, alginate, gelatin, xanthan gum, carrageenans, and cellulose derivatives. It is also compatible with most widely used surfactants such as sulfates, sulfonates and quaternary ammonium salts.
Sclerotium Gum is a natural gum that produces an instant gel base when combined with water. It is a polysaccharide produced through a fermentation process of Sclerotium rolfsii on a glucose-based medium.
Sclerotium Gum can also be used as a thickening and emulsifying agent when making creams. Add to the water phase at 0.2-0.5%. Adding Sclerotium Gum reduces the amount of oil required in your oil phase, and the result will be a lighter, lotion-type cream. To make a gel base, use Sclerotium Gum at 2%.