Botanical Name - pinus sylvestris
Country of Origin - Austria
Method of Extraction - Steam
A tall evergreen tree, up to 40m high with a flat crown. It has a reddish-brown, deeply fissured bark, long stiff needles that grow in pairs, and pointed brown cones. Essential oil is obtained from steam distillation of the needles.
Properties - Analgesic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, balsamic, diuretic, expectorant, rubefacient.
Uses - A preparation made from needles has been used for bladder, kidney and rheumatic complaints as a liniment for rheumatism and muscular pain, and as an inhalant for bronchitis, catarrh, colds, etc.
Cautions - Dermal irritant, common sensitizing agent; otherwise non-toxic.